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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF file format. Article is in English. An abstract of the articles not exceeding 250 words in English is included. Manuscript is not exceeding 15 pages.

  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point of Times New Roman font; paper format is A4 with margins: top and down 3 cm; right and left 3 cm; paragraphs is spaced as 6 points before; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

  • Charts and figures are publication-worthy upon submission (sharp, of good contrast, legible, free of clutter, e.g., shadows, lines at least 1point thick). An embedded graphic within a word-processing document is usually inadequate. If graphics are embedded, please send them as separate files if possible. Number and name figures and tables appropriately, and indicate where they should be placed in the text. Sources are identified in full and are given as well as explanatory notes of figures, tables and graphics at the bottom of the each figure, table and graphic and written in a smaller font size. Electronic art is accepted. Electronic art must meet all of the following requirements: a) 300 dot per inch resolution at 100%; b) Formatted as EPS, JPG, or TIF file; c) Not compressed; d) Between 8cm and 12cm wide.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal. Use at least 5 references of scientific sources (do not use textbooks) and use them in text. For organizing references see Guide for Citing Resources.

  • Important Notice for On-line Submissions: Check that you have removed all kind of author identification (names and affiliations) and any Acknowledgement from the file that you are going to submit. Do not remove the title of your paper and the abstract. The instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

  • Insert JEL Classification code to your article. Use the Journal of Economic Literature codes from this link  or from this list. It is highly recommended to use them for increased exposure of the article. Avoid using the top levels of the classification, it is better to be specific.

Author Guidelines

Guide for Citing Resources


  • Citations are indicated in parentheses within the body of your text, with the author's last name, publication date (and page number, if needed).
  • Parenthetical text citations are placed within the text where they offer the least resistance to the flow of thought, frequently just before a mark of punctuation.
  • The full citation occurs at the end of the writing, in an alphabetically ordered list headed "References".


Punctuation- Periods are generally used between elements in reference lists. Commas separate the date from any page reference in notes. A colon separates titles from subtitles, the place of publication from the publisher, and volume information from page numbers for journal articles.

Fonts-Use italics for titles of periodicals (i.e., Journal of Social Activism) and books (i.e., Molecular biology in cellular pathology). Use roman for journal article titles (do not use quotation marks).

Capitalization- Use sentence-style capitalization in titles and subtitles of works and parts of works such as articles or chapters (i.e., Biology: Science for life). Use headline-style capitalization for titles of periodicals (i.e., Journal of Social Activism).

Authors' names- In reference lists, the first author's last name is inverted (last name first). First names should usually be provided, when available.

Abbreviations- Use ed. Or trans. For "editor" or "edited by" or "translator" or "translated by." University may be abbreviated Univ. Months may be abbreviated. Be consistent.

Publication Place- If more than one place is given, the first is generally sufficient. Do not abbreviate place names. Give the city and state or country if the city is not well known for publishing or is ambiguous.

Electronic Resources-As much as possible, follow the same rules that apply to equivalent parts of print resources. When in doubt, avoid italics and quotation marks and give as much information as may be useful. Too much is better than too little.

  • Web address (i.e., URL). If your source is web-based, but not from one of our Library subscription databases, always provide the URL. If you need to input a line break in a long URL, do so after a double slash (//) or a single slash (/); before a tilde (~), a period, a comma, a hyphen, an underline (_), a question mark a number sign, or a percent symbol; or before or after an equal sign or an ampersand
  • Library subscription databases: If your source is from one of our web-based Library subscription databases, do not provide the URL; instead, provide the name of the database.[CSM is keenly aware that industry practices and citation fundamentals are rapidly evolving, especially in the area of subscription databases. CSM does not provide rules for subscription databases; it is waiting for the industry to settle on some kind of persistent, citable, permanent identifiers for electronic content. DOI (Digital Object Identifiers) see below, is one such scheme that CMS finds promising. If your database gives a DOI for a record, use it in your citation.]
  • DOI (Permanent Source Identifiers). See the example toward the middle of page 4, below (Barry). Go to for more information.
  • Access date. Omit the date accessed unless it is known that the content is frequently updated.
  • Pagination. When citing an online publication with an equivalent print version, try to obtain and provide the page numbers used in the print version. In documents without page numbers, add a descriptive locator such as a section heading to allow your reader to find the resource.
  • Authors of web pages. If not readily apparent, try to find and provide the name(s) or authors or corporate authors responsible for the content.

Bibliography items are listed alphabetically at the end of the research paper. These items are referred to in the body of the paper using the In-Text style.

Scientific / Social Sciences Style

Book (one author)


Blinksworth, Roger (1987), Converging on the evanescent, San Francisco: Threshold Publications, 23


(Blinksworth, 1987)


Book (two to three authors)



Collins, Geoffery, and Matthew D. Wortmaster, eds. (1953), The collected works of G. Farthington Pennyloss, Boston: C.F. Pennyloss, 127


(Collins and Wortmaster, 1953)


Book (more than three authors)



Sanders, G.S., T.R. Brice, V.L. DeSantis, and C.C. Ryder (1989), Prediction and prevention of famine, Los Angeles: Timothy Peters, 113


(Sanders et al. , 1989)


Book (corporate or organization author)



 Ohio State University, College of Administrative Science, Center for Human Resource Research, (1977), The national longitudinal surveys handbook, Rev. ed. Columbus, 147


(Ohio State, 1977)


Journal Article



Banks, William (1958), "A Secret Meeting in Boise", Midwestern Political Review 6: 2631, 28-35

In Text:

(Banks, 1958)


Electronic Databases and Internet Resources


Electronic Databases



Belle de jour (1990). In Magill's Survey of the Cinema [database online]. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press. ca.. 1989 [Accessed on 1 January 1990]. Accession no. 50053. P. 2 of 4. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Inc., Palo Alto, Calif.

In Text:

(Belle de jour, 1990)


Moore, Rich (1990), "Compaq Computer: COMPAQ Joins the Fortune 500 Faster Than Any Company in History."In Businesswire [database online]. San Francisco: Business Wire. 1986 [updated 9 April 1986: Accessed on 10 March 1990]. Accession no. 000782: NO=BW420. 5 screens. Available from DIALOG Information Services, Inc., Palo Alto, Calif.

In Text:

(Moore, 1990)


World Wide Web Site

(suggested format)



Jewett, Sarah Orne (1997), The country of the pointed firs [online]. New York: Columbia University, Academic Information Systems, Bartleby Library, 1996 [Accessed on 16 October 1997]. Available from World Wide Web:


(Jewett, 1997)

Special Instructions for Mathematical and Other Non-ASCII Symbols

Display Equations

To produce display equations--equations that sit by them on a line--use the Equation Editor included with Microsoft Word.

In-line Math

To produce in-line math-small equations or single characters that appear within a line of regular text you can insert the necessary characters like other normal text. If the desired math is too complex or not available as individual characters, then use Equation Editor.

For example, it is not necessary to use Equation Editor to put "x = θ + 1" in a line of text. However, a more complex expression would require the Equation Editor.

Do not use Word's "fields" to insert equations or special symbols.

Special Characters

In any version of Word the keyboard shortcuts for characters such as em-dashes, curly quotes, accented letters, and so on, are always acceptable.

For individual math symbols, Greek letters, and other special characters for which there is no keyboard shortcut, each version of Word has an "Insert > Symbol" command, which produces a chart of symbols from which you can choose.

In Word, if you choose "Insert > Symbol", choose characters only from the "normal text" font or the Symbol font. In Word for Windows version 8 (Word 97), choose characters only from the Basic Latin and Latin-1 subsets in "normal text" or the Symbol font.

In any word processor, characters produced with non-Latin fonts other than Symbol (e.g., Mathematical Pi, Dingbats, etc.) may not convert properly.

If you must insert characters in a non-Latin font other than Symbol, please circle them on your printed manuscript.

Note that some characters, especially when seen on a computer screen, are easily confused: e.g., a German "double-ess" (ß) and a lowercase beta (β); or an apostrophe (') and a prime symbol (`). Be sure to insert the character you want (and check your proofs carefully).

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